Peeling-Ballooning Model

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The Peeling-Ballooning Model is a description of MHD stability in the edge region of tokamaks. It predicts operational regimes where pedestal pressure and bootstrap current lead to peeling unstable or ballooning unstable modes [1] [2]. The peeling-ballooning model is one possible mechanism for the formation of Edge Localized Modes.


  1. J.W. Connor et al, Magnetohydrodynamic stability of tokamak edge plasmas, Phys. Plasmas 5 (1998) 2687
  2. P.B. Snyder et al, Edge localized modes and the pedestal: A model based on coupled peeling–ballooning modes, Phys. Plasmas 9 (2002) 2037